www.bittermedicineblogs.com -- The Haitian Revolution (1791 - 1804) marked the end of slavery and French control. The Haitian Revolution was directly influenced by the French Revolution (1789) and the innate desire of kidnapped and subjugated (Black/African/Haitian) people to be free.
The French endured an absolute monarchy (King Louis XVI) and an overall feudal system, that left the country nearly bankrupt, and saw its citizens (poor and peasantry) heavily taxed. The poor and peasantry rioted and looted, resulting in 17,000+ people being killed. Their actions were not random: they looted and burned the homes of tax collectors, landlords, and the elite. Blacks in Amerikkka can learn from this! Attack them, their belongings, and where THEY stay -- NOT where YOU stay.
The turmoil led to the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen", a document/declaration to replace the old ways with a system based on equal opportunity, representation, freedom of speech etc., but it did not really work, as it led to more turmoil. This turmoil saw the demise of King Louis and his wife, Marie Antoinette, aNd ultimately led to the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte and the Napoleonic Era of dominance in Europe.
Haiti, at the time known as Saint Dominique, was France's wealthiest overseas colony due to sugar, coffee, indigo, and cotton- all produced by slave labor. As with all such economies, there are interest groups. Haiti had 5 such interest groups: White masters (the Haitian Elite), petit blancs (Poorer whites, usually teachers shopkeepers etc.), Free Blacks (of which 50% were mulatto, and most wealthier than the petit blancs), Slaves, and Runaways/Maroons. The White slave masters (Elites) were at odds with France due to the heavy taxation and lack of representation in France, when they were contributing a lot to France's coffers, so they wanted Independence from France. However, they wanted to continue slavery, which would see them still make lots of money with none going to France, and France wouldn't have that.
The Elites of Haiti would gain some autonomy in the country when the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen" came to be, but the "Declaration" excluded the poor whites. It did afford some autonomy to Free Blacks, which the poor whites hated. Thus a 3-way war was born between White masters/ Elites vs. petit blancs/poor whites vs. Free Blacks. However, the Black slave population was the majority in Haiti, and they were at war with all three of the mentioned groups! The slave population of Haiti identified their enemies and the Black (slave?) population today needs to do the same. Listen to find out more!
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